Monday, July 15, 2013

Mexico Revisited: Some Hidden Facts About Mexican History and Mexican Society--Part 3

In his 2010 book "Mexico: Why A Few Are Rich and The People Poor," University of California-San Diego Professor Emeritus of History Ramon Eduardo Ruiz revealed the following more hidden facts about Mexican history and Mexican society:

21. "Despite [former Mexican President] Cardenas's land reforms [of the 1930s], nearly half of the national real estate [of Mexico] remained in the hands of big landlords...The landless campesinos of 1960 outnumbered those of 1930..." (page 168)

22. "...Mexican employers had an abundant pool of cheap, unskilled labor to exploit, which kept wages low..." (page 159)

23. "In 1993, workers at the Ford assembly plant in Hermosilla [Mexico] earned 6 pesos an hour (about $2 dollars), while their counterparts in the United States earned $15 dollars an hour for exactly the same job..." (page 159)

24. "At the Volkswagen plant in Pueblo [Mexico], the best-paid auto assembly plant [in Mexico], employees earned $28 dollars for a day's labor, but unionized assembly workers in the United States took home between $120 and $180 dollars per day..." (page 159)

25. "...NAFTA opened the gates to American multinational corporations and financial behemoths to Mexico..." (page 184)

26. "...Telephone fees [in Mexico]]...were among the highest in Latin America..." (page 185)

27. "...Mexican industry, as always, was the story of monopolies..." (page 185)

28. "...A handful of families in cahoots with foreign capitalists...controlled most of Mexico's beverage sales, cement, and even flour for tortillas..." (page 185)

29. "The telephone service [in Mexico] solld off to one of the richest men in the world, became Telmex, a national monopoly controlling most of the country's landline phone service as well as nearly three-fourth of the cell phone market..." (page 185)

30. "Televisa, a private company, controlled the nation's television [in Mexico]..." (page 185)

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