Thursday, July 23, 2015

Australian Anti-War Activist Joan Coxsedge's June 29, 2015 Letter


(The following letter from Australian anti-war and Latin American solidarity activist Joan Coxsedge—who is also a former member of the Victoria state parliament--originally appeared in an Australian-Cuban solidarity group’s newsletter)

"June 29, 2015

Dear Comrades,                                                                                                                                                          
"Words dont often fail me, but Im lost for words (almost) to describe my contempt for the travesties of human beings that claim to represent us in Canberra. Their policies are becoming more overtly fascistic, terrifying in their range and vindictiveness. The following are defined as early warning signs: powerful nationalism, disdain for human rights, identification of scapegoats as a unifying cause, supremacy of the military, rampant sexism, controlled mass media, obsession with national security, close links between religion and government, protection of corporate power, suppression of labour, disdain for intellectuals and the arts, obsession with crime and punishment and rampant cronyism and corruption.

"Every time these creeps plummet to new depths, down they go again, even exploiting overseas terrorist outrages to gain some votes.  Never asking how we got to such a deplorable situation, never questioning our collusion with Washington in its brutal global role, its destruction of Iraq, Libya and Syria, its support for repressive regimes around the world that imprison and torture their own citizens, and the murderous repression of its own poor.

"And then theres our pitiful Labor opposition, run by timid lookalikes. Free speech? Out the window, along with compassion and equality. The Labor rot started in 1984 when four reactionary unions (DLP) rejoined the Victorian ALP and helped destroy a once strong and progressive branch, part of a wider drive to destabilise the entire labour movement.

"Some of us fought like hell to keep them out, but we were sold down the river by some of our former comrades along with the media where we were the baddies and the crooks were the goodies. In a last ditch stand I wrote a leaflet called Fight the Right about their dodgy US connections and impact on our hard-won policies.  It was the beginning of Labors decline, part of a deeper malaise.

"James Petras writes about the rise of the non leftist left in Southern Europe in the Information Clearing House, about the disappearance of traditional leftist parties and decline of trade unions, replaced by a fragmented middle class radicalism angry at its loss of status, demanding participatory democracy in the existing rotten system, when its capitalism that is causing environmental ruin, mass poverty, gross inequality, plutocracy, the police state and racial disparity and must be replaced. 

"Close to the end of his life, Martin Luther King wrote: the real issue to be faced beyond superficial matters was the radical reconstruction of society itselfand the United States will have to adopt a modified form of socialism.  Kings final radical words have been erased from our history books, replaced by his much safer I have a dream speech.

"Latin American revolutions, especially in Cuba, have inspired the entire planet, bringing hope to every corner of our earth.  If left alone they would thrive, but the US Empire is once again on the offensive, getting ready to invade and destroy. 

"Every left-wing government has been facing bizarre protests and subversive actions, destabilisation tactics clearly designed in far-away capitals, almost identical to those used against China, Russia, South Africa and other rebellious nations. Their fragility is obvious, with their elites committing treason and collaborating with the West against their own people as we have seen in Chile, Peru, Colombia, Mexico, Honduras, Venezuela, Paraguay and Bolivia, to name just a few.  Propaganda, disinformation and the spreading of confusion have been some of their most potent weapons.  One of their dirtiest is the accusation of corruption made by corrupt pro-western politicians and individuals who misused hundreds of millions of dollars of the peoples money.

"The world has lost a courageous activist with the death of Ronnie Gilbert, an original member of the legendary folk group, the Weavers. While the great Pete Seeger was the most recognisable member of the group (Fred Hellerman and Lee Hays were the other two) it was Ronnie Gilbert who gave the Weavers its special style.  Who can forget her version of Leadbellys Goodnight, Irene.

"Gilbert was born and raised in New York City into a working class family and listening to Paul Robeson gave her the inspiration to become a folk singer. Most who know about the Cold War and the Red Scare is aware of what happened to the Weavers.  Suspected of being too left-wing, Joseph McCarthy and his merchants of fear smeared them as communists and had them blacklisted.  Despite their hit songs they were banned from appearing on radio or television and their contract with Decca Records was abruptly cancelled.

"The Weavers went from being one of Americas most popular groups to being almost totally ostracised.  They were forced to disband in 1953, but even with her career in ruins, Ronnie Gilbert went on to become a dedicated socialist activist, travelling to Cuba in 1961. During a Pete Seeger concert in California which he performed on a banjo, without any introduction he shouted out to her wishing her good luck.  The audience cheered.  How refreshing to see comrades like these stand up against powerful bullies and march in rallies to promote a cause.  Vale Ronnie Gilbert.

"Speaking of gutsy people who stand up against powerful bullies, Julian Assange is still holed up in the Ecuadoran embassy in London surrounded by a ridiculous police cordon and living in one room for the crime of telling unpalatable truths about government lies and the power of vested interests. He is a refugee under international law and should be given safe passage out of the UK.  The Assange case amplifies many truths, one of which is the accelerating global totalitarianism of Washington regardless of who is president."

"Joan Coxsedge"  

Monday, July 6, 2015

`New Freedom Ride'


They picked up guitars
And they sang out the truth
And broadsides they hurled at the world.
The poetry they wrote
It left people moved
And helped wake up many lost souls.

Pete and Joan

They sang out alone
In the Village, in Cambridge, in Newport.
And Bob and Phil
Protested Evil
And pointed their fingers at wrong.

Peter, Paul and Mary

They joined up with Judy
And freedom called over the air.
And Odetta and Buffy
Sang out their songs roughly
That peace it was better than war.

Richard and Mimi

Packed sorrows up freely
And Ritchie, he kept on the path.
And Gordon and Sis
They didn't give up
And Gil, he taught others his craft.

Freedom Singers and Tom

Spread the alarm
And Dave sang his blues out with soul.
And over in England
Peggy and Ewan
The danger in mines, they exposed.

The years have flown by

And people still cry
And the screen world is still filled with lies.
And some they still try
While others have died
And it's time for a New Freedom Ride.

Yes, they picked up guitars

And they sang out the truth
And broadsides they hurled at the world.
The poetry they wrote
It gave people hope
And helped wake up many lost souls.

Written in the 1990's, this protest folk song pays tribute to the protest folk singers, protest folk songsmiths and protest folk music scene of the late 1950's and early 1960's; and calls for a "New Freedom Ride" in the music scene of the 21st-century. 

Friday, July 3, 2015

Black Youth "Not Seasonally Adjusted" Jobless Rate Increases To 38.5 Percent In June 2015

Between May and June 2015, the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for Black youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States increased from 29.6 to 38.5 percent; while the number of unemployed Black youths increased by 112,000 (from 212,000 to 324,000) during the same period, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” Bureau of Labor Statistics data.  

The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for Latino youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States also increased from 17.3 to 24.4 percent between May and June 2015; while the number of unemployed Latino youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age increased by 129,000 (from 190,000 to 319,000) during the same period, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” data.

The official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for white youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age increased from 15.8 to 18.2 percent between May and June 2015; while the number of unemployed white youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States increased by 258,000 (from 714,000 to 972,000) during the same period, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” data..

The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for all youths (Black, Latino, white and Asian-American) between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States increased from 17.8 to 21.4 percent between May and June 2015; while the “not seasonally adjusted” total number of unemployed youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States increased by 421,000 (from 1,025,000 to 1,446,000) during the same period.

The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for Black male workers over 20 years-of-age in the United States was still 9.2 percent in June 2015; while the “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for all Black workers in the United States (youth, male and female) was still 9.8 percent during that same month. In addition, between May and June 2015, the “not seasonally adjusted” number of Black male workers over 20 years-of-age in the labor force decreased by 57,000 (from 8,927,000 to 8,870,000); while the jobless rate for Black female workers over 20 years-of-age in the United States was still 7.9 percent in June 2015, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” data..

Between May and June 2015, the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for Latino male workers over 20 years-of-age increased from 5.7 to 5.8 percent; while the official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for all Latino workers (youth, male and female) in the United States increased from 6.3 to 6.8 percent during the same period.. In addition, the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for Latina female workers over 20 years-of-age was still 6 percent in June 2015; while the “not seasonally adjusted” total number of unemployed Latino workers (youth, male and female) increased by 131,000 (from 1,658,000 to 1,789,000) between May and June 2015.

The “not seasonally adjusted” number of unemployed Asian-American workers increased by 21,000 (from 353,000 to 374,000) between May and June 2015; while the unemployment rate for Asian-American workers increased from 3.9 to 4.1 percent during the same period, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” data. In addition, the “not seasonally adjusted” number of Asian-American workers who still had jobs decreased by 50,000 (from 8,804,000 to 8,754,000) between May and June 2015; while the number of Asian-American workers in the U.S. labor force decreased by 29,000 (from 9,157,000 to 9,128,000) during the same period, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” data.

The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for white female workers over 20 years-of-age in the United States increased from 4.2 to 4.4 percent between May and June 2015; while the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for white male workers over 20 years-of-age was still 4 percent in June 2015. In addition, the “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for all white workers (youth, male and female) increased from 4.5 to 4.8 percent between May and June 2015; while the “not seasonally adjusted” total number of unemployed white workers increased by 298,000 (from 5,630,000 to 5.928,000) during the same period.

The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for all female workers over 16 years-of-age in the United States increased from 5.2 to 5.5 percent between May and June 2015; while the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for all female workers over 20 years-of-age increased from 4.8 to 4.9 percent during the same period. In addition, the official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for all male workers over 16 years-of-age in the United States was still 5.4 percent in June 2015; while the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for all male workers over 20 years-of-age was still 4.6 percent during that same month.

Between May and June 2015, the official “not seasonally adjusted” total number of unemployed workers in the United States increased by 268,000 (from 8,370,000 to 8,638,000); while the official unemployment rate for all U.S. workers (male, female and youth) increased from 5.3  to 5.5 percent during the same period, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” data

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ July 2,, 2015 press release:

“….The civilian labor force declined by 432,000 in June….The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 6.5 million, changed little in June. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job….

“In June, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year earlier…These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey…..Among the marginally attached, there were 653,000 discouraged workers in June, essentially unchanged from a year earlier….Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them…

“Employment in mining continued to trend down in June (-4,000)….Since…December 2014, employment in mining has declined by 71,000, with losses concentrated in support activities for mining.


“Employment in…construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, information, and government, showed little or no change over the month…The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +221,000 to +187,000, and the change for May was revised from +280,000 to +254,000. With these revisions, employment gains in April and May combined were 60,000 lower than previously reported…”. 

Lawrence, Massachusetts "Not Seasonally Adjusted" Jobless Rate Increases To 8.5 Percent In May 2015


Between April and May 2015, the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in Lawrence, Massachusetts increased from 8.1 to 8.5 percent; while Massachusetts’ “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate increased from 4.1 to 4.4 percent during the same period, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data.

The official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in 6 other major Massachusetts cities and in the town of North Adams was still higher than the “not seasonally adjusted” national U.S. unemployment rate of 5.3 percent in May 2015:

1. The official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in Springfield, Massachusetts increased from 7.6 to 8.2 percent between April and May 2015;

2. The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in New Bedford, Massachusetts increased from 7.4 to 7.5 percent between April and May 2015;

3. The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in Fall River, Massachusetts was still 7.4 percent in May 2015;

4. The official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in North Adams, Massachusetts increased from 6.6 to 6.8 percent between April and May 2015;

5. The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in Brockton, Massachusetts increased from 5.6 to 6 percent between April and May 2015;

6. The official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in Lowell, Massachusetts increased from 5.4 to 5.7 percent between April and May 2015; and.

The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in Worcester, Massachusetts increased from 5 to 5.4 percent between April and May 2015; while the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in Pittsfield, Massachusetts was still 5.2 percent in May 2015. In addition, between April and May 2015, the official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in Lynn, Massachusetts increased from 4.6 to 5 percent; while the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in Boston, Massachusetts increased from 3.7 to 4.1 percent during the same period.

According to the Massachusetts’ Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development’s June 23, 2015 press release:

“Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates for May…in…labor markets in the state…rose in sixteen…The statewide unadjusted unemployment rate for May was 4.4 percent, up 0.3 of a percentage point from the April 2015 rate….”


Between April and May 2015, the “not seasonally adjusted” number of unemployed workers in Massachusetts increased from 148,600 to 157,900; and around 44,000 of these officially unemployed workers lived in Boston, Brockton, Fall River, Lawrence, Lowell, Lynn, New Bedford, Pittsfield, Springfield, Worcester or North Adams, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” data. 

Saturday, June 20, 2015

Lawrence, Massachusetts "Not Seasonally Adjusted" Jobless Rate Still 8.1 Percent In April 2015


In April 2015, the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in Lawrence, Massachusetts was still 8.1 percent; while Massachusetts’ “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate was still 4.4 percent during that same month, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data.

The official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in 4 other major Massachusetts cities and in the town of North Adams was still higher than the “not seasonally adjusted” national U.S. unemployment rate of 5.4 percent in April 2015:

1. The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in Fall River, Massachusetts was still 7.8 percent in April 2015;

2. The official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in Springfield, Massachusetts was still 7.6 percent in April 2015;

3. The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in New Bedford, Massachusetts was still 7.4 percent in April 2015;

4. The official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in North Adams, Massachusetts was still 6.6 percent in April 2015; and

5. The official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in Brockton, Massachusetts was still 5.6 percent in April 2015.

In addition, the official “not seasonally adjusted” jobless rate in Lowell, Massachusetts was still 5.4 percent in April 2015; while the official “not seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate in Boston, Massachusetts was still 3.7 percent during that same month.

According to the Massachusetts’ Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development’s June 18, 2015 press release:

“Over the month [of May 2015]….transportation and warehousing lost 500 jobs…Information lost 200 (-0.2%) jobs over the month…Professional, Scientific and Business Services lost 400 (-0.1%) jobs over the month….The May estimates show….168,700 were unemployed…..”


In April 2015, the “not seasonally adjusted” number of unemployed workers in Massachusetts was still 157,900; and around 42,000 of these officially unemployed workers lived in Boston, Brockton, Fall River, Lawrence, Lowell, Lynn, New Bedford,, Pittsfield, Springfield, Worcester or North Adams, according to the “not seasonally adjusted” data. 

Friday, June 12, 2015

Australian Anti-War Activist Joan Coxsedge's May 24, 2015 Letter

(The following letter from Australian anti-war and Latin American solidarity activist Joan Coxsedge—who is also a former member of the Victoria state parliament--originally appeared in an Australian-Cuban solidarity group’s newsletter)

May 24, 2015,

Dear Comrades,

Were almost halfway through the year. Unbelievable.  Someone must be fiddling with the clocks. Why not, theyre fiddling with everything else, especially our minds.  Weve got the War on Drugs, the War on Terror, The War on Unions and the War on People, the ordinary people, the battlers and anyone vaguely to the left of Ivan the Terrible, trying to keep everyone on edge, so everyones a little afraid of exactly what isnt clear, but always needing more draconian laws for protection.Im far more afraid of the bastards telling us we should be afraid, the gutless wonders who preen and ponce and then run for cover when confronted with their real bosses.

And what a nasty, miserable budget concocted by this bunch of corrupt, brain-dead morons, stealing money (our money) from a huge range of small community groups, to give to the chosen. Brandis wants his own little Arts fiefdom, decimating the Australia Arts Council, claiming its only losing 15% of budget funding when 50% is closer to the mark

But where is the public outrage to this appalling government?  Why arent Australians jumping up and down about the more than $9bn the government is shelling out for three dud US missile destroyers when it could have bought nine from Spain that have already been built for $3bn, saving $6bn?  In any case, the money should be spent on health and education.

“‘Misspoken said Abbott after US Sec. of Defence David Shear let the cat out of the bag when he said B-1 bombers would move to Australia, meaning they will be based here. Team Australia.  What a laugh.  Powerful vested interests manifest themselves in many ways, one is through lobbying, full-on, insidious well-funded lobbying by outfits like the Minerals Council of Australia. More than a 1000 lobbyists, part-time and full-time but all very secretive, infest the halls of Canberra challenging government policy and subverting democracy, while the public service is being seriously downgraded and ultra-right think tanks like the Institute of Public Affairs get tax breaks, getting the bulk of its funding from god knows where. 

Obama, the first black US president, is shaping up to be one of the most devious presidents in modern times and thats really saying something when you look at his predecessors. A recent Obama quote: We have to make sure America writes the rules of the global economy and we should do it today while our economy is in a position of global strength. If we dont write the rules for trade around the world, guess what, China will. And theyll write the rules in a way that gives Chinese businesses the upper hand.  It explains why Obama is forcefully pressing the case for the toxic, authoritarian Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP), his final gift to the global elite, a corporate giveaway, which if you look at the details will take us one more step on the road to Armageddon.

As Ive said so often, the TPP will reduce wages, deepen inequality, undermine sovereignty and further damage our already damaged environment. Even leading corporate Democrats like the Clintons who championed TPPs forerunner NAFTA, are keeping their distance on this one, but sadly there are enough Democrats combining with a unanimous Republican bloc to pass the TPP legislation.

Another Obama legacy is his version of health insurance, a scheme much loved by giant pharmaceutical companies and big insurance, a bill that was drafted by the Republican Heritage Foundation, replacing the popular alternative Medicare for All.

And then theres his current push for the huge climate-destroying oil giant Royal Dutch/Shell oil to start drilling for fossil fuels in the beautiful pristine Arctic Ocean, a critical habitat for rare species. A dismal end to a dismal presidency.

A few weeks ago, Russia celebrated the Allied victory over Nazism without the presence of Obama or other western leaders, demeaning the extraordinary sacrifice of the Russian people made seven decades ago.  A boycott that is part of a clumsy attempt to belittle Russia and to present an anti-Putin, anti-Russian alternative version. If it wasnt for the Red Armys victories against the German invaders, particularly the crucial Battle for Stalingrad in 1943-1944, the prospects for victory would have been almost impossible.

But good things are happening in Argentina. Last August workers arrived at their factory and found a note at the gate telling them the company had closed down and was moving abroad to take advantage of a cheaper and more docile workforce. The workers moved swiftly, gave the factory a new name, finished a job worth $500,000 and enrolled in the national registry of cooperatives, joining many others doing similar things, while the women opened a daycare centre in the factory to look after the children. When the police tried to evict the workers, popular support from the community - public hospital staff stated they would not provide medical treatment if police were injured in the standoff - forced the cops to pull their heads in.  Nationalisation under workers control.  Something worth fighting for.

Viva socialism!


Joan Coxsedge

Sunday, June 7, 2015

Black Youth `Seasonally Adjusted' Unemployment Rate Increases To 30.1 Percent In May 2015

Between April and May 2015, the official “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for Black youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States increased from 27.5 to 30.1 percent; while the number of unemployed Black youths increased by 28,000 (from 187,000 to 215,000) during the same period, according to the “seasonally adjusted” Bureau of Labor Statistics data.  

The official “seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for Latino youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States also increased from 18.9 to 19.2 percent between April and May 2015; while the number of Latino youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the U.S. labor force decreased by 24,000 (from 1,157,000 to 1,133,000 ) during the same period, according to the “seasonally adjusted” data. In addition, the “seasonally adjusted” number of Latino youths who still had jobs decreased by 22,000 (from 938,000 to 916,000) between April and May 2015.

The official “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for white youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age increased from 14.5 to 15.5 percent between April and May 2015; while the number of unemployed white youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States increased by 54,000 (from 660,000 to 714,000) during the same period, according to the “seasonally adjusted” data..

The official “seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for all youths (Black, Latino, white and Asian-American) between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States increased from 17.1 to 17.9 percent between April and May 2015; while the “seasonally adjusted” total number of unemployed youths between 16 and 19 years-of-age in the United States increased by 53,000 (from 986,000 to 1,039,000) during the same period.

The official “seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for Black male workers over 20 years-of-age in the United States also increased from 9.2 to 10.2 percent between April and May 2015; while the “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for all Black workers in the United States (youth, male and female) increased from 9.6 to 10.2 percent during the same period. In addition, between April and May 2015 the total “seasonally adjusted” official number of unemployed Black workers in the United States increased by 120,000 (from 1,868,000 to 1,988,000); while the jobless rate for Black female workers over 20 years-of-age in the United States was still 8.8 percent in May 2015, according to the “seasonally adjusted” data..

In May 2015, the official “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for Latino male workers over 20 years-of-age was still 6 percent; while the official “seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for all Latino workers (youth, male and female) in the United States was still 6.7 percent during the same month. In addition, the official “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for Latina female workers over 20 years-of-age was still 6.5 percent in May 2015; while the “seasonally adjusted” number of unemployed Latino workers not in the U.S. labor force increased by 97,000 (from 13,237,000 to 13,334,000) between April and May 2015. And in May 2015, the “seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for Asian-American workers was still 4.1 percent.

The official “seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for white female workers over 20 years-of-age in the United States increased from 4.2 to 4.3 percent between April and May 2015; while the official “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for white male workers over 20 years-of-age was still 4.2 percent in May 2015. In addition, the “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for all white workers (youth, male and female) was still 4.7 percent in May 2015; while the “seasonally adjusted” total number of unemployed white workers increased by 36,000 (from 5,791,000 to 5,827,000) between April and May 2015.

The official “seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for all female workers over 16 years-of-age in the United States was still 5.4 percent in May 2015; while the official “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for all female workers over 20 years-of-age increased from 4.9 to 5 percent between April and May 2015. In addition, the official “seasonally adjusted” jobless rate for all male workers over 16 years-of-age in the United States increased from 5.5 to 5.6 percent during the same period; while the official “seasonally adjusted” unemployment rate for all male workers over 20 years-of-age was still 5 percent in May 2015.

Between April and May 2015, the official “seasonally adjusted” total number of unemployed workers in the United States increased by 125,000 (from 8,549,,000 to 8,674,000); while the official unemployment rate for all U.S. workers (male, female and youth) increased from 5.4  to 5.5 percent during the same period, according to the “seasonally adjusted” data

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ June 5, 2015 press release:

“….The unemployment rate was essentially unchanged at 5.5 percent….Mining employment continued to decline...The number of unemployed new entrants edged up by 103,000 in May….Unemployed new entrants are those who never previously worked…..The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) held at 2.5 million in May and accounted for 28.6 percent of the unemployed….

"The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged at 6.7 million in May and has shown little movement in recent months. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part-time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.

In May, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force….These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey….Among the marginally attached there were 563,000 discouraged workers in May...Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them....

“Employment in mining fell for the fifth month in a row, with a decline of 17,000 in May. The loss was in support activities for mining. Employment in mining has decreased by 68,000 thus far this year...Employment in other major industries, including manufacturing, wholesale trade, information, and government showed little change over the month....The change in total nonfarm payroll employment...for April was revised from +223,000 to +221,000..."